Yogyakarta

18 Jun. 2015 | Page

Yogyakarta

Yogyakarta

 

Yogyakarta is the capital of Yogyakarta Special Region in Java, Indonesia. It stretches from the slopes of mighty mountain Merapi in the north to the wave swept beaches of the powerful indian ocean. It is renowned as a center of education (Kota Pelajar), classical Javanese fine art and culture such as batik, ballet, drama, music, poetry, and puppet shows. Yogyakarta was the capital city of Indonesia during the Indonesian National Revolution from 1945 to 1949. The name Ngayogyakarta existed in 1755 when Mangkubumi Prince whose title was Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono I founded the Kingdom of Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat. The kingdom that was built on the Bering Forest area was a realization of Giyanti Agreement done with Pakubuwono III from Surakarta. The current governor is Sultan Hamengkubuwono X.

One of Yogyakarta’s famous historical site is the Prambanan Temple. This magnificent Hindu temple’s name derives from the village where it is located, locally known as the Roro Jongrang Temple, or the temple of slender virgin. The temple compound is located approximately 17 kilometres (11 mi) northeast of the city of Yogyakarta on the boundary between Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces.

The temple compound, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the largest Hindu temple site in Indonesia, and one of the biggest in Southeast Asia. It is characterized by its tall and pointed architecture, typical of Hindu temple architecture, and by the towering 47-metre-high (154 ft) central building inside a large complex of individual temples. Prambanan attracts many visitors from across the world.

For more information on Yogyakarta, visit Indonesia Tourism website http://www.indonesia.travel/en/destination/457/yogyakarta